Canines, like wisdom teeth, tend to become impacted. The canines are important teeth because they have the longest and strongest roots, and they help guide the alignment of the other teeth. While an orthodontist can usually align the surrounding teeth to allow the canines to grow in normally, sometimes abnormalities or other teeth can get in the way and cause complications. In these cases, you may be referred to an oral surgeon, who will work with your orthodontist to expose the teeth and guide them into proper alignment.
Benefits of Early Detection
The canines usually erupt around ages 9–12. If detected early enough, an orthodontist can use braces to create space for these teeth without surgical intervention.
If a canine fails to erupt, surgical treatment is usually successful in freeing the impacted tooth. The longer you wait for treatment, the harder it is for your canines to erupt properly. Eventually, your impacted teeth could fuse with your bone and make it impossible for them to grow into their proper positions. In these cases, we offer multiple permanent tooth replacement options that can restore the function and aesthetics of your mouth.
Impacted Canine Treatment: Exposure and Bonding Procedure
If surgical intervention is necessary, the exposure and bonding procedure is a highly effective treatment to guide your impacted canine into place. Your oral surgeon and orthodontist will work as a team to expose your impacted canine tooth and guide it into its proper position. First, your orthodontist will prepare the mouth using braces. Once the eruption path is clear, your oral surgeon will surgically expose the tooth by pushing back the gum tissue, and then attach a tiny bracket and chain to the tooth. A few days after surgery, your orthodontist will attach this chain to small bands that will apply a light pulling pressure to your tooth. Eventually, this will bring the canine into its proper position.
If you or your child has an impacted canine, contact one of our offices in Flint, Saginaw, or Bay City, MI, for a consultation. Our surgeons will work with you and your orthodontist to form a custom treatment plan that best fits your needs and ensures a beautiful, healthy smile.